Artist books: works of art created in the form of a book. There are many types of artist books. Some are published in small editions, while some are created as one-of-a-kind artworks. Categories of the artist book include the artist journal, sketchbooks, photo books, pamphlets, ephemera, sculptural book forms, altered books and more.

Encaustic: a wax-based painting medium first used by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Modern encaustic paints are made of wax, resin and pigment and may be manipulated by the use of heating tools, direct flames and other methods for melting and fusing.

Encaustic monoprinting: refers to the process of producing a single encaustic print on paper. A heated metal plate is drawn on with encaustic paint sticks, which liquefy as they touch the surface. Then a sheet of paper is placed on top of the metal plate and rubbed with a baren to transfer the image to the page.

Handmade paper lamination: refers to the process of “sandwiching” materials in between two freshly pulled sheets of handmade paper. These two sheets then fuse into one cohesive piece of paper once the drying process is complete. Laminations are often used in conjunction with overbeaten abacca, a semi-transparent paper fiber. (“Encaustic handmade paper laminations”, such as those featured below, were invented by artist Haley Nagy).

Flag book: an innovative book structure with moveable flaps, which can be manipulated to create a sculptural book form. Invented by book artist Hedi Kyle.

Illuminations. Flag book with encaustic & handmade cotton paper laminates. © Haley Nagy.